UPDATES TO OUR COVID-19 POLICY: All encounters, including glasses pick ups, frame selects, exams, and follow-ups, are by appointment only. Please call our text our office and we will work with you to arrange a time for you to come in. Masks are required in our office. If you do not come with a mask or face covering, we will provide you with one before entering. Thank you for your cooperation and patience during this difficult time.

alarm-ringing ambulance angle2 archive arrow-down arrow-left arrow-right arrow-up at-sign baby baby2 bag binoculars book-open book2 bookmark2 bubble calendar-check calendar-empty camera2 cart chart-growth check chevron-down chevron-left chevron-right chevron-up circle-minus circle city clapboard-play clipboard-empty clipboard-text clock clock2 cloud-download cloud-windy cloud clubs cog cross crown cube youtube diamond4 diamonds drop-crossed drop2 earth ellipsis envelope-open envelope exclamation eye-dropper eye facebook file-empty fire flag2 flare foursquare gift glasses google graph hammer-wrench heart-pulse heart home instagram joystick lamp layers lifebuoy link linkedin list lock magic-wand map-marker map medal-empty menu microscope minus moon mustache-glasses paper-plane paperclip papers pen pencil pie-chart pinterest plus-circle plus power printer pushpin question rain reading receipt recycle reminder sad shield-check smartphone smile soccer spades speed-medium spotlights star-empty star-half star store sun-glasses sun tag telephone thumbs-down thumbs-up tree tumblr twitter tiktok wechat user users wheelchair write yelp youtube

Color Blindness Is a Spectrum

Contrary to popular belief, color blindness does not mean seeing in black and white. Usually.

The vast majority of colorblind people can still see some colors. Let’s take a look at the three basic categories of color blindness and how they can impact a person’s daily life.

Red-Green Color Blindness

The most common type of color blindness is red-green color blindness, which affects around 8% of men and 0.5% of women of descent. The difference is because the gene for it is on the X chromosome, so men either have it or don’t, while women need two copies of the gene to be colorblind—if they only have one copy, they are carriers but not colorblind themselves.

In red-green color blindness, the cones in the eye responsible for distinguishing between red and green hues are either missing or do not function correctly. As a result, these individuals may have difficulty distinguishing between shades of red and green, and some colors may appear washed out or similar in appearance. Dogs and many other animals have red-green color blindness.

Blue-Yellow Color Blindness

Another type of color blindness is blue-yellow color blindness, which is less common than red-green color blindness. In blue-yellow color blindness, the cones in the eye responsible for distinguishing between blue and yellow hues are either missing or not functioning as they should, resulting in difficulty distinguishing between shades of blue and yellow.

True Black-and-White Vision

The third and rarest type of color blindness is total color blindness, or monochromacy, where individuals are completely unable to distinguish any colors. Total color blindness is a rare condition and affects only around 1 in 33,000 people. But life isn’t simply a black-and-white movie to monochromats; it typically means a lack of detailed central vision, because that comes from the cones, while they may only have functioning rods. They may also be very sensitive to bright light.

Color Blindness in Everyday Life

While color blindness may seem like a minor inconvenience, it can have a significant impact on daily life. Red-green color blindness can make it difficult to read traffic lights, maps, and graphs, and may limit job opportunities in certain fields, such as aviation or electrical work. Blue-yellow color blindness can make it difficult to distinguish between different colors in art or graphic design.

Aids for Living With Color Blindness

While there is no cure for color blindness, there are tools and techniques that can help individuals with color vision deficiencies. One common method is the use of color filters, which can in some cases enhance the contrast between colors and make it easier to distinguish between them. Color blindness corrective glasses and contact lenses are also available and can help some individuals see a broader range of colors. However, it is important to note that while these tools can improve color vision, they do not restore normal color vision.

The Optometrist Can Identify Color Blindness

During an eye exam, your optometrist will check for color vision deficiencies using specialized tests. They can also provide advice and support on managing color vision deficiencies and recommend appropriate tools and techniques. If you are experiencing difficulty distinguishing between colors or have concerns about your vision, don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with your optometrist. They can provide the necessary support and guidance to help you maintain a healthy, clear vision.

We love seeing our patients!

Top image used under CC0 Public Domain license. Image cropped and modified from original.
The content on this blog is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.